Development of a Tape Winding Mechanism for HTS Power Cables


Isaac de Souza
Ankit Anand
Abhay Singh Gour
Vutukuru Vasudeva Rao


Manufacturing of HTS power cables requires winding the HTS tapes helically around a former. These HTS tapes are costly, and delicate and require sophisticated winding machinery which is expensive. In this paper, an in-house economic mechanism for converting a conventional lathe machine to a Tape Winding Mechanism (TWM) is discussed in detail. In addition to the developed prototype, the technical issues and challenges encountered during the development of TWM are listed. The developed TWM was instrumental in successfully winding 10 HTS tapes simultaneously around a tin-coated braided copper former of 19 mm diameter with a pitch length of 210 mm for a continuous length of 5 m HTS cable. The recommendation of modifying any existing cable winding machine to TWM is also discussed.


How to Cite
de Souza, I. ., Anand, A. ., Singh Gour, A., & Vasudeva Rao, V. . (2023). Development of a Tape Winding Mechanism for HTS Power Cables. Power Research - A Journal of CPRI, 18(2), 149–155.


  1. Yumura H, Ashibe Y, Itoh H, Ohya M, Watanabe M, Masuda T, Weber CS. Phase II of the Albany HTS cable project. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2009; 19(3):1698-701. 2017865 DOI:
  2. Masuda T, Yumura H, Watanabe M, Takigawa H, Ashibe Y, Suzawa C, Ito H, Hirose M, Sato K, Isojima S Weber C. Fabrication and installation results for Albany HTS cable. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2007; 17(2):1648-51. DOI:
  3. Kim DW, Jang, HM Lee CH, Kim JH, Ha CW, Kwon YH, Kim DW, Cho JW. Development of the 22.9-kV class HTS power cable in LG cable. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2005; 15(2):1723-26. DOI:
  4. Anand A, Nayek S, Gour AS, Rao VV. IV characterization of HTS tape under tensile stress using cryogenic UTM along with FEM analysis. Indian Journal of Cryogenics. 2020; 45(1):130-33. 022.9 DOI:
  5. Gerhold J, Tanaka T. Cryogenic electrical insulation of superconducting power transmission lines: Transfer of experience learned from metal superconductors to high critical temperature superconductors. Cryogenics. 1998; 38(11):1173-88. DOI:
  6. Yu T, Shi Y, He X, Kang C, Deng B. Modeling and optimization of interlaminar bond strength for composite tape winding process. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2017; 36(8):579-92. DOI:
  7. Costello GA. Theory of wire rope. Springer Science & Business Media; 1997. 1970-5